The automobile and utility vehicle areas are not independent accounting entities. In Financial Accounting, they are only portrayed as business areas to create internal balance sheets. This enables evaluations for both organizational areas in Financial Accounting. Joint accounting is performed for both areas. The company code (independent accounting unit) is assigned to a controlling area. Analyses can be made at any time for the automobile and utility vehicle areas, because the business area was specified in all account assignment objects in CO.
Multiple Company Codes Assigned to One Controlling Area
The automobile and utility vehicle areas are independent accounting units. Therefore, they appear in Financial Accounting (FI) as company codes. You should still carry out joint accounting for both areas. For this reason, the system represents both areas in one controlling area.
If you want to analyze the Car and Utility Vehicle areas in cost accounting, then you need to include this when defining cost centers (for example, by creating separate cost center groups for the Car and Utility Vehicle areas).
- To assign one or more company codes to a controlling area, go to the Implementation Guide (IMG) and choose Controlling ⇒ Organization ⇒Maintain Controlling Area.
- To assign company codes to an existing controlling area, select a controlling area.
- Choose Assign company code(s).
- Choose New entries.
- Enter the company code(s) that you want to assign to the selected controlling area.
The company code(s) must be fully maintained before you can assign them to a controlling area.
If you assign more than one company code to one controlling area, then you need to note the following:
- You need to use a consistent chart of accounts
You need to treat each cost element (in all company codes) in the same way (for example, as a primary cost element, or as an accrual cost element).
In Financial Accounting, you can also use country-specific charts of accounts.
- The operative fiscal year variants in the company codes must match the fiscal year variants in the controlling area.
- You should execute period-end closing in Controlling for all company codes at the same time. Separate period-end closing for each company code would be too time-consuming.
You can only execute period-end closing for a shared controlling area once closing is complete in Financial Accounting.
- If you wish to calculate plan prices automatically, you need to wait until planning is complete.
- The system only posts reconciliation postings across company codes without tax, which means that it cannot automatically create invoices.
For tax reasons, cost flows (that are cross-company code) in Controlling can only be passed onto Financial Accounting if the company codes form an integrated company with sales tax.
- If you wish to prevent cross-company code postings in Controlling, then you need to create a detailed authorization concept.
- Retrospectively excluding a company code in another SAP system or client, requires more time and effort than in cost accounting by company code.
- If you only use one controlling area, you can only use one operating concern.
- You can only display profit center allocations in a controlling area.
- You can only use transfer prices within a controlling area.